Septic tank systems are common in rural areas. Homes that are not attached to a municipal sewer system use these as a form of sewage treatment. A septic system carries the waste from a home into the septic tank. Regular maintenance and checks are required to keep it all working the way it should. Over a period of time, the sludge builds up in the container. It is necessary to pump out this sludge and keep the tank working the way it should.
Symptoms Of A Choked Septic Tank
There are some distinct symptoms that indicate a sludge build up and you will need to hire the services of a reliable septic tank cleaning company to have it cleaned out once every few years. These personnel are trained in carrying out sewage treatment and pumping. You should call them the minute you detect foul odor in the vicinity of your home. Water accumulation in the yard or above the container is another indicator that there is a blockage. Do not delay in calling them the minute you notice any of these indicators.
Septic tanks are generally made of concrete. At one point of time they used to be made of metal but almost all homeowners have switched to concrete ones now. The tank is the accumulation point for all the liquid and solid waste from your house. Most of the waste is broken down by bacteria after which it takes a liquid form and moves out of the container. If it gets clogged, solid waste may move into the field lines. This will lead to a complete choke up of the drain.
The top of every tank has an opening or a hatch. This is generally covered with mud as part of the field. The mud around it will have to be dug out to expose the hatch. Inspection must be carried out on an annual basis while the cleaning can be carried out on every 3-5 years. There is one sure shot way of knowing if it requires cleaning. Once the hatch has been opened, the internal height of the tank should be measured. Post that, you will have to measure the height of the solid matter that has accumulated at the bottom of the tank. If this occupies 35% or more than the height of the tank, it will have to be pumped out.
Professional cleaning companies have trucks that have powerful vacuums attached to them. They carry out the job in an efficient manner. The tank will have some water in it even when the sludge has been cleaned out. This is very normal and cleaning the tank regularly is very important.