Various types of industrial chemicals are manufactured by a large number of manufacturers for industrial applications. Today these chemicals are used for different purposes including the manufacture of explosives, different types of fuels used in engines, various types of dyes and paints, insulators, cosmetics, detergents and soaps.
The chemical industry has grown rapidly in the past several decades. Industrial chemicals are used in various sectors of the economy including agriculture, service sector, construction sector and manufacture of consumer goods. The use of chemicals is wide and varied with a large number of consumers all across the world.
Various Types of Industrial Chemicals
There are more than hundreds of different varieties of chemicals produced each year for various manufacturing purposes. Some of the most significant types of chemicals include the following.
Chlorine: One of the most widely used chemicals in the manufacture of bleaching agents includes chlorine. But now chlorine is replaced by the chemical called hydrogen peroxide as chlorine is considered to be harmful to the environment.
Phosphoric acid: Industrial chemicals also include phosphoric acid which is used for the production of fertilizers. It is also used in manufacture of food products and soft drinks.
Nitrogen: Nitrogen is an inert substance that is often used in industries to control and avoid thermal reactions. It is also used in solid conveying gas carrier as a substitute for air.
Sodium carbonate: One of the most commonly used chemicals includes sodium carbonate or soda ash. It is used in the manufacture of glass and different types of cleaning agents.
Sulfuric acid: It is one of the most widely used chemical acid which helps to neutralize alkaline substances.
Sodium silicate: It is one of the most commonly used chemical for industrial insulation.
Aluminum sulfate: It is used in waste water treatment plants and in the manufacture of paper.
Sodium hydroxide: Sodium hydroxide is widely used in the manufacture of soaps and dyes. It is one of the commonly used alkaline substances in industries. As it has the ability to neutralize acids, it can be used as a good cleaning agent.
Ammonium nitrate: This white crystal-like substance is widely used as an agricultural fertilizer. It is also used in cold packs to reduce injuries and swellings.
Urea: Another important industrial chemical is urea which is mainly used to fertilize agricultural land. Various types of livestock feed also contain urea.
Hydrochloric acid: One of the most useful chemicals includes hydrochloric acid which is largely used in pharmaceutical industries. It is also used to produce other chemicals.
Potash: Another commonly used chemical for agricultural purposes includes potash. It is also used to manufacture soaps, glass and ceramics.
Titanium dioxide: This chemical is a white pigment that is used in the manufacture of various products ranging from paints to food items. It is also used in various pharmaceutical products.
Other common industrial chemicals include acetone, carbon black, acetic acid, propylene oxide, ethylene oxide, methanol, vinyl chloride and so forth. It is easy to obtain these chemicals as a large number of chemical manufacturers and dealers are listed in the online portals.